What is Diabetes Diagnosis Symptoms and treatment?

December 16, 2023by amir0

The Complete Guide to Diabetes: How to Understand, Identify, and Take Care of the Illness

Diabetes is a long-term metabolic problem that affects millions of people around the world. To fully understand it, we need to explore all of its complex aspects. This detailed guide tries to simplify diabetes by going over its meaning, symptoms, long-term effects, causes, types, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and how to best handle it.

What is Diabetes:

A long-term disease called diabetes causes high blood sugar levels. This happens because the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it properly. Insulin is a hormone that is made by the pancreas. It controls blood sugar levels and makes it easier for glucose to be used for energy.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes:

1.Frequent urine:

More urine, also called polyuria, is a frequent sign that the body is trying to get rid of extra glucose.

2.Excessive Thirst:

Polydipsia, or persistent thirst, happens when you lose water through frequent urine.

3.Unknown Weight Loss:

Even if you eat more, you may lose weight for no clear reason because your body is using fat and muscle for energy.


Being too tired (tiredness) is a typical sign of not using energy efficiently.

Long-Term Complications:

Circulation Difficulties:

It makes you more likely to get heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure.


Damage to nerves can make the limbs numb, tingly, and painful.

Kidney Disease:

Having high blood sugar for a long time can hurt your kidneys

Causes of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes:

Reasoned by the immune system striking and killing pancreatic insulin-making cells by mistake

Type 2 Diabetes:

Insulin resistance means that the body’s cells don’t respond well to insulin.

Diabetes During Pregnancy:

During pregnancy and raises the chance of getting type 2 disease later in life.

Types of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes:

People with type 1  need insulin injections for the rest of their lives. They are usually identified in childhood or youth.

Type 2 Diabetes:

Lifestyle adjustments, medication, and, in rare cases, insulin are often enough to manage this kind of disease, which is more frequent in humans.

Gestational diabetes:

happens during pregnancy and may go away after giving birth, but it makes you more likely to get type 2 later on.

Pathophysiology of Diabetes:

Insulin Deficiency:

People with Type 1  have insulin-producing cells destroyed by their immune system.

Insulin Resistance:

Cells in people with type 2 diabetes don’t react well to insulin, which causes blood sugar levels to rise.

Glucose Overproduction:

The liver may make too much glucose, which makes hyperglycemia worse.

The diagnosis of disease:

  • Blood sugar levels are checked after a fasting overnight with the fasting blood sugar test.
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): You drink a glucose solution and have your blood sugar checked several times.
  • Blood sugar levels over the last two to three months can found in the Hemoglobin A1c Test.

Prevention of from this disease:

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Managing your weight, working out regularly, and eating well can all lower the chance.
  • Screening on a regular basis: Checking blood sugar levels and looking at risk factors can help find problems early.

Improving people’s lives through knowledge and care:

Understanding, recognizing, and managing diabetes requires an approach that considers all of its facets since the illness is complex. Essential is giving people the information they need about symptoms and signs, long-term problems, causes and types, pathophysiology, evaluation, prevention, and treatment. Patients can live balanced, healthy lives while effectively controlling by gaining a full understanding of the condition and taking positive steps.

If you are looking for a brief but thorough explanation of diabetes, “Dr. Zaar” is an essential resource.It may be effectively managed with the help of this platform, which provides information on symptoms, complications, causes, kinds, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and prevention.. Through raising awareness and providing treatment, “Dr. Zaar” aims to enhance lives by promoting preventive measures and good lifestyle choices.

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